Ray Dalio’s New York Times bestselling book, Principles, has created a lot buzz around the Team Dimensions™ Profile. Consequently, many organizations have begun using this assessment in conjunction with behavioral assessments like DiSC®.
So how are the profiles related? While the two have a similar foundation, the Team Dimensions profile is actually a separate model and has no basis in DiSC. Both assessments are published by John Wiley & Sons, but they were created using different theories and measure different aspects of an individual.
Since they are measuring two different data points, DiSC and Team Dimensions can be incredibly effective when used together. The combination of the two will give you a more in-depth picture of current teams, new team members, or even potential new hires.
The Team Dimensions Model
What role do you play on a team?
The assessment measures four unique roles: Creator, Advancer, Refiner, and Executor. Each of these roles has a particular area of work that they enjoy focusing on:
- Creator: Focuses on possibilities. Enjoys creativity, fresh concepts, and abstract thinking. Thrives on innovation.
- Advancer: Focuses on interaction. Enjoys communication, enthusiasm, and moving things forward.
- Refiner: Focuses on analysis. Enjoys logic, critical thinking, and developing a systematic approach.
- Executor: Focuses on realities. Enjoys putting ideas into action. Very organized, structured, and detail-oriented.
There is also a fifth role called Flexer. Someone who is a Flexer will find that they are energized by different roles at different times and that they can easily step in to fill whatever role is needed by the team.
This Team Dimensions model is built using two scales: Ability (what we do well) and Affinity (what we enjoy to do). The affinity scale of this assessment was designed using Everett Rogers’ theory on the Diffusion of Innovations. Roger’s theory is influential in why a certain person is an early or a late adopter of an idea.
The DiSC Model
What are your personal tendencies and priorities?
By comparison, Everything DiSC helps individuals understand their personal tendencies and priorities. A person who takes an Everything DiSC or DiSC Classic assessment is measured on two primary dimensions of behavior:
- Fast-Paced or Thoughtful
- Are you assertive and quick to take risks, or are you more reflective taking time to consider each idea carefully?
- Skeptical or Accepting
- Do you tend to question things you hear and challenge new ideas, or are you more receptive and agreeable?
These two dimensions of behavior combine into what we know as the four primary DiSC styles:
- Dominance: Active and questioning. Enjoys taking action, getting results, and overcoming challenges. Tends to focus on the bottom-line.
- Influence: Active and accepting. Enjoys persuading others and building relationships. Tends to be enthusiastic and optimistic.
- Steadiness: Thoughtful and accepting. Enjoys stability, cooperation, and harmony. Tends to be dependable and accommodating.
- Conscientiousness: Thoughtful and questioning. Enjoys ensuring accuracy and quality. Tends to pay attention to details and focus on analysis.
The DiSC model was developed by William Moulton Marston and was first created into a personal development assessment by John Geier in the 1970’s. After completing the DiSC questionnaire, individuals receive valuable information about their behavioral preferences, strengths, and challenges along with strategies for communicating more effectively with others.
Using DiSC and Team Dimensions Together
Understanding your team role and personal preferences.
If you read Principles, you may remember that Dalio’s company, Bridgewater, uses both Team Dimensions and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Dalio understood that to improve the way an individuals communicate, each person must first understand how others think. The more we can adapt our behavior to meet others’ needs and communication preferences, the more effective our message becomes.
Using the Teams Dimensions Profile alongside a behavioral assessment like Everything DiSC Workplace or MBTI can help teams build stronger working relationships by understanding why a person behaves the way they do in various situations. All of us have distinct behavioral styles, and DiSC or MBTI can help us openly talk about these differences in order to make them work for us and our teams.
These tools give us a judgement-free way to communicate about those differences. Now that I understand why I tend to behave the way I behave, and now that you also understand my behavioral tendencies, we can begin to have more insightful and productive conversations. Behavioral assessments can be powerful conductors of superior communication when used correctly. (See our post on the misuses of DiSC).
Once an organization has embedded a behavioral language into its culture, individual teams can use the Team Dimensions model to become even more effective by engaging with specific pieces of a project that appeal to their personal interests and style.
You might wonder, “Why can’t I just cut out the behavioral training and simply allow my team members to work on tasks they enjoy?” The answer lies in the series of stages, outlined in the Team Dimensions model, which team projects will usually move through.
This sequences of stages is called The “Z” Process. It allows teams to work efficiently by knowing when and where to focus their energy and natural talents as a project moves through four different phases: Creating, Advancing, Refining, and Executing. Effective teamwork requires that all members know when to assert their natural tendencies, and when to step back and allow the strengths of others to shine. Constructive communication and awareness of behavioral differences is key for this process to run smoothly.
As an example, in the early stages of a project, both the Creator and the Advancer are able to run wild with their ideas. However, once they identify an idea they wish to push forward, they must trust the Refiner’s judgements on if their idea is realistic, and what problems they might encounter down the road.
When the Refiner returns to the team (including the Creator and Advancer who initiated the idea) and presents the flaws and challenges he found, his feedback could cause a lot of conflict on teams that have not already had open conversations around their strengths, differences, and ways they prefer to give and receive feedback.
Alternatively, on a team that’s already had those behavioral conversations and developed a deep awareness about the different styles of their group, a little bit of conflict around an idea can actually become healthy and constructive, rather than harmful. Teams who are able to use conflict productively have built a strong foundation of trust. They have proven methods at their disposal that they can rely on to communicate about behavioral differences and preferences.
In the previous example, when the Refiner began listing reasons why the team’s idea might not work, his behavioral style could have influenced a certain lack of consideration for how he might be coming across to the rest of his team. In his mind, he is simply trying to ensure that the project will work after establishing all potential problems. He is focused on the idea, not on his relationship with the other members of his team.
It could be that our Refiner has a strongly-inclined “D” or “C” style in the DiSC Personality model. These are the two styles who are more logic-focused than people-focused. They tend to be objective, questioning, and skeptical.
Our Creator and Advancer, on the other hand, may have strongly inclined “i” or “S” styles. These two styles really crave that personal touch and value friendly relationships. If the Creator and Advancer don’t recognize the differences in their behavior style as compared to the Refiner, they might feel attacked. If they feel attacked, they could mentally withdraw from the project, robbing the team of their talents and fresh insights.
DiSC (or MBTI) provides a way to identify and call attention to these differences in behavior. It allows the team to keep projects moving forward without getting bogged down in poor communication, distrust, and resentment.
Ultimately, The Team Dimensions provides a method for teams to get things done. Behavioral assessments will help determine how fast.